Question 1

Motorway rules

Helpful Hint!

Signal your intention and build up sufficient speed on the hard shoulder so that you can filter into a safe gap in the traffic. Don't push your way in, causing other traffic to alter speed or direction.

You’ve had a breakdown on the hard shoulder of a motorway. When the problem has been fixed, how should you rejoin the main carriageway?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 2

Motorway rules

Helpful Hint!

Before starting a motorway journey, make sure your motorcycle can cope with the demands of high-speed riding. Things you need to check include oil, water, tyres and fuel. When you’re travelling a long way, it’s a good idea to plan rest stops in advance.

Why is it particularly important to carry out a check of your motorcycle before making a long motorway journey?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 3

Motorway rules

Helpful Hint!

A vehicle with a trailer is restricted to 60 mph. For this reason, it isn’t allowed in the right-hand lane, as it might hold up faster-moving traffic that wishes to overtake in that lane.

Which of these isn’t allowed to travel in the right-hand lane of a three-lane motorway?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 4

Motorway rules

Helpful Hint!

Red studs are placed between the edge of the carriageway and the hard shoulder. Where slip roads leave or join the motorway, the studs are green.

You’re on a motorway. What colour are the reflective studs on the left of the carriageway?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 5

Motorway rules

Helpful Hint!

Smart motorway schemes are intended to reduce congestion and make journey times more reliable. In these areas, the hard shoulder may be used as a running lane to ease congestion at peak times or in the event of an incident. Variable speed limits are used to help keep the traffic moving and to avoid bunching.

What’s the aim of a smart motorway?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 6

Motorway rules

Helpful Hint!

At roadworks, and especially where a contraflow system is operating, a speed restriction is likely to be in place. Keep to the lower speed limit and don't • switch lanes • get too close to the vehicle in front of you. Be aware that there will be no permanent barrier between you and the oncoming traffic.

What should you do when going through a contraflow system on a motorway?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 7

Motorway rules

Helpful Hint!

White studs are found between the lanes on motorways. They reflect back the light from your headlights. This is especially useful in bad weather, when visibility is restricted.

What colour are the reflective studs between the lanes on a motorway?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 8

Motorway rules

Helpful Hint!

Traffic on motorways usually travels faster than on other roads. You need to be looking further ahead to give yourself more time to react to any hazard that may develop.

What should you do when driving or riding along a motorway?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 9

Motorway rules

Helpful Hint!

Congestion can be reduced by keeping traffic at a constant speed. At busy times, maximum speed limits are displayed on overhead gantries. These can be varied quickly, depending on the amount of traffic. By keeping to a constant speed on busy sections of motorway, overall journey times are normally improved.

What’s used to reduce traffic bunching on a motorway?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 10

Motorway rules

Helpful Hint!

A mandatory speed-limit sign above the hard shoulder shows that this part of the road can be used as a running lane between junctions. You must stay within the speed limit. Look out for vehicles that may have broken down and could be blocking the hard shoulder.

You’re on a smart motorway. A mandatory speed limit is displayed above the hard shoulder. What does this mean?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 11

Motorway rules

Helpful Hint!

Never overtake on the left, unless the traffic is moving in queues and the queue on your right is moving more slowly than the one you’re in.

You’re travelling along a motorway. When are you allowed to overtake on the left?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 12

Motorway rules

Helpful Hint!

On a three-lane motorway, you should travel in the left-hand lane unless you’re overtaking. This applies regardless of the speed at which you’re travelling.

On a three-lane motorway, which lane should you normally use?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 13

Motorway rules

Helpful Hint!

The studs between the carriageway and the hard shoulder are normally red. These change to green where there's a slip road, helping you to identify slip roads when visibility is poor or when it's dark.

What colour are the reflective studs between a motorway and its slip road?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 14

Motorway rules

Helpful Hint!

Riders of motorcycles with an engine smaller than 50 cc aren't allowed to use motorways, due to their restricted speed. They may cause a hazard – both for the rider and for drivers of other vehicles.

If you want to ride on the motorway, what’s the minimum engine size your motorcycle must have?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 15

Motorway rules

Helpful Hint!

You should normally travel in the left-hand lane unless you're overtaking a slower-moving vehicle. When you've finished overtaking, move back into the left-hand lane, but don’t cut across in front of the vehicle that you’ve overtaken.

What basic rule applies when you’re using a motorway?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 16

Motorway rules

Helpful Hint!

You shouldn't normally stop on a motorway, but there may be occasions when you need to do so. If you're unfortunate enough to break down, make every effort to pull up on the hard shoulder.

When may you stop on a motorway?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 17

Motorway rules

Helpful Hint!

You must stop if overhead gantry signs show flashing red lights above every lane on the motorway. If any of the other lanes doesn't show flashing red lights or a red cross, you may move into that lane and continue if it's safe to do so.

When are you allowed to stop on a motorway?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 18

Documents

Helpful Hint!

Some garages will remind you that your vehicle is due for its annual MOT test, but not all do. To ensure continuous cover, you may take your vehicle for its MOT up to one month before its existing MOT certificate runs out. The expiry date on the new certificate will be 12 months after the expiry date on the old certificate.

For how long is an MOT certificate normally valid?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 19

Documents

Helpful Hint!

Sometimes an insurance company will issue a temporary insurance certificate called a cover note. It gives you the same insurance cover as your certificate but lasts for a limited period, usually one month.

What is a cover note?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 20

Documents

Helpful Hint!

Every vehicle should have a registration document showing the registered keeper. It's your legal responsibility to make sure all the information is correct. This includes make, model and engine size. If you buy a new vehicle, the dealer will register it with DVLA, who will send the registration document to you.

What information is found on a vehicle registration document?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 21

Documents

Helpful Hint!

Driving without insurance is a serious offence. As well as an unlimited fine, you may be disqualified or incur penalty points.

What’s the maximum fine for driving without insurance?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 22

Documents

Helpful Hint!

Any motorcycle you ride must be in good condition and roadworthy. If it's over three years old, it must have a valid MOT test certificate (unless it's exempt from the MOT test - see GOV.UK).

How long after first registration must a motorcycle have its first MOT test?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 23

Documents

Helpful Hint!

It's your legal responsibility to keep the details on your vehicle registration certificate (V5C) up to date. You should tell the licensing authority about any changes. These include your name, address or vehicle details. If you don’t do this, you may have problems when you try to sell your vehicle.

Who’s legally responsible for ensuring that a vehicle registration certificate (V5C) is updated?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 24

Documents

Helpful Hint!

Provisional entitlement means that restrictions apply to your use of motorcycles. For example, you may not ride on a motorway or carry a passenger. The requirements are there to protect you and other road users. Make sure you're aware of all the restrictions that apply before you ride your motorcycle on the road.

You hold a provisional motorcycle licence. What does this licence restrict you from doing?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 25

Documents

Helpful Hint!

You don’t have to carry around your vehicle's documents wherever you go. If a police officer asks to see them and you don’t have them with you, you may be asked to produce them at a police station within 7 days.

A police officer asks to see your documents. You don’t have them with you. Within what time must you produce them at a police station?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 26

Documents

Helpful Hint!

This is a method used by insurance companies to keep annual premiums down. Generally, the higher the excess you choose to pay, the lower the annual premium you'll be charged.

Your motorcycle insurance policy has an excess of £100. What does this mean?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 27

Documents

Helpful Hint!

You must produce a valid insurance certificate when requested by a police officer. If you can’t do this immediately, you may be asked to take it to a police station. Other documents you may be asked to produce are your driving licence and the vehicle's MOT certificate.

In which of these circumstances must you show your insurance certificate?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 28

Documents

Helpful Hint!

When training under the direct access scheme, you must be accompanied by an instructor on another motorcycle, who must be in radio contact with you. You must display red L plates to the front and rear of your motorcycle and follow all normal learner restrictions.

Do you need to display L plates when learning to ride a motorcycle under the direct access scheme?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 29

Documents

Helpful Hint!

A motorcycle registration document contains a number of details that are unique to a particular vehicle. You must notify DVLA of any changes to, for example, the registered keeper or registration number. You must also tell them about any modifications made to the motorcycle.

What does a motorcycle registration document show?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 30

Hazard awareness

Helpful Hint!

Be tolerant if a vehicle emerges and you have to brake quickly. Anyone can make a mistake, so don’t react aggressively. Be alert where there are side roads and be especially careful where there are parked vehicles, because these can make it difficult for emerging drivers to see you.

A driver pulls out of a side road in front of you, causing you to brake hard. What should you do?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 31

Hazard awareness

Helpful Hint!

Try to plan your journey so that you can take rest stops. It’s recommended that you take a break of at least 15 minutes after every two hours of driving or riding. This should help to maintain your concentration.

You’re planning a long journey. Do you need to plan rest stops?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 32

Hazard awareness

Helpful Hint!

If you can do so safely, give way to buses signalling to move off at bus stops. Try to anticipate the actions of other road users around you. The driver of the red car should be prepared for the bus pulling out. As you approach a bus stop, look to see how many passengers are waiting to board. If the last one has just got on, the bus is likely to move off.

What’s the main hazard the driver of the red car (arrowed) should be aware of?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 33

Hazard awareness

Helpful Hint!

This sign indicates that the road will bend sharply to the left. Slow down in plenty of time and select the correct gear before you start to turn. Braking hard and late, while also sharply changing direction, is likely to cause a skid.

You see this sign ahead. What should you expect?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 34

Hazard awareness

Helpful Hint!

Riding while under the influence of drink or drugs can invalidate your insurance. It also endangers yourself and others. The risk isn't worth taking.

You’re convicted of riding after drinking too much alcohol. How could this affect your insurance?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 35

Hazard awareness

Helpful Hint!

When passing parked cars, there's a risk that a driver or passenger may not check before opening the door into the road. A defensive driver will drive slowly and be looking for people who may be about to get out of their car.

What should the driver of the grey car (arrowed) be especially aware of?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 36

Hazard awareness

Helpful Hint!

Look at the picture carefully and try to imagine you’re there. The cyclist in this picture appears to be trying to cross the road. You must be able to deal with the unexpected, especially when you’re approaching a hazardous junction. Look well ahead to give yourself time to deal with any hazards.

What’s the main hazard shown in this picture?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 37

Hazard awareness

Helpful Hint!

The highest point of the bridge is in the centre, so a large vehicle might have to move to the centre of the road to have enough room to pass under the bridge.

What type of vehicle could you expect to meet in the middle of the road?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 38

Hazard awareness

Helpful Hint!

Alcohol will severely reduce your ability to drive or ride safely and there are serious consequences if you’re caught over the drink-drive limit. It's known that alcohol can • affect your judgement • cause overconfidence • reduce coordination and control.

What’s an effect of drinking alcohol?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 39

Hazard awareness

Helpful Hint!

Be tolerant of older drivers. They may take longer to react to a hazard and they may be hesitant in some situations – for example, at a junction.

How would age affect an elderly person’s driving ability?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 40

Hazard awareness

Helpful Hint!

Drinking even the smallest amount of alcohol can affect your judgement and reactions. The safest and best option is to avoid any alcohol at all when riding or driving.

You’re going to a social event and alcohol will be available. You’ll be riding your motorcycle shortly afterwards. What’s the safest thing to do?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 41

Hazard awareness

Helpful Hint!

Police officers may need to direct traffic; for example, at a junction where the traffic lights have broken down. Check your copy of The Highway Code for the signals that they use.

What does this signal from a police officer mean to oncoming traffic?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 42

Hazard awareness

Helpful Hint!

When approaching a junction where the traffic lights have failed, you should proceed with caution. Treat the situation as an unmarked junction and be prepared to stop.

You’re approaching a crossroads. The traffic lights have failed. What should you do?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 43

Hazard awareness

Helpful Hint!

You should overtake only when it's really necessary and you can see it’s clear ahead. Look out for road signs and markings that show it's illegal or would be unsafe to overtake; for example, approaching junctions or bends. In many cases, overtaking is unlikely to significantly improve your journey time.

Where shouldn’t you overtake?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 44

Hazard awareness

Helpful Hint!

Hazard warning lights are an important safety feature and should be used if you've broken down and are causing an obstruction. Don’t use them as an excuse to park illegally, even for a short time. You may also use them on motorways to warn following traffic of danger ahead.

When should you use hazard warning lights?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 45

Hazard awareness

Helpful Hint!

On roads where there are many parked vehicles, you might not be able to see children between parked cars and they may run out into the road without looking.

What hazard should you be aware of when travelling along this street?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 46

Hazard awareness

Helpful Hint!

The ‘stop’ sign has been put here because the view into the main road is poor. You must stop because it won't be possible to take proper observation while you're moving.

What must you do at this junction?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 47

Motorcycle loading

Helpful Hint!

Learner motorcyclists aren’t allowed to * tow a trailer * carry a pillion passenger * use the motorway. In addition, they must display red L plates (D plates in Wales) to the front and rear of the motorcycle.

How is a learner motorcyclist’s licence restricted?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 48

Motorcycle loading

Helpful Hint!

If you want to fit a sidecar to your motorcycle, check that the motorcycle is suitable and can cope with the extra load. Make sure that the sidecar is securely fixed and properly aligned. If your motorcycle was registered on or after 1 August 1981, the sidecar must be fitted on the left-hand side of the motorcycle.

What should you do before fitting a sidecar to a motorcycle?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 49

Motorcycle loading

Helpful Hint!

Before you can carry a pillion passenger, the law requires you to have a full licence for the category of motorcycle you're using.

What requirement must you meet if you want to carry a pillion passenger on your motorcycle?

(Mark 1 answer)


Question 50

Motorcycle loading

Helpful Hint!

Any passenger you carry - no matter how old they are - must be able to reach the footrests and handholds properly to remain safe on your machine. Also make sure they're wearing protective weatherproof clothing and a properly fitting helmet.

When can you carry a child as a pillion passenger?

(Mark 1 answer)


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