About Compulsory Basic Training (CBT)

Compulsory basic training (CBT) must be taken before you can ride a moped or motorcycle on the road. The training ensures you can ride safely on your own while you practise for your full test.

What is a CBT

Before taking to the road, any new Motorbike or Scooter rider needs to complete their ‘CBT‘ or ‘Compulsory Basic Training‘.

CBT is a Government approved Compulsory Basic Training course. It must be taken by any rider wanting to use a 50cc moped, or 125cc motorcycle before they get on the road using “L” plates.

CBT is made up of a set course of instruction and assessment. It takes the learner from the basics of how to use the brakes and throttle, right through to essential skills to keep you safe on the road.

When you’ve completed your CBT, you can ride a:

Ride a 50cc moped (geared or automatic)If you’re over Age 16
Ride a 125cc learner bike (geared or automatic)If you’re over Age 17

Upon passing your CBT

On passing your CBT, you’ll be given a DL196 certificate. This allows you to ride a moped or learner motorcycle on the road, unaccompanied under the following conditions:

  • Your ‘L’ plates must be displayed
  • You can not take a passenger
  • You can not use motorways

The certificate is valid for two years, during which time you will need to pass your full test. If you don’t pass during that time you’ll have to retake the CBT.

What happens on a Camrider CBT?

Camrider has been providing CBT since its introduction in December 1990, and we helped guide and develop the course with the DVSA who are the Government regulators.

The course includes 5 elements and has a minimum two-hour road ride at the end. The course can usually be completed in a day, but occasionally some people take longer.

Don’t worry if you have never ridden before, as the course is aimed at complete novices with no experience at all. On arrival, you will be met by your instructors and given a chance to settle in with a cup of tea or coffee.

Then the course will begin by going through the five elements of CBT:

Element AThe aims and objectives of the course30 to 40 mins
Element BIntroduction to learning the controls45 mins approx
Element CPractical on-site training2 to 3 hrs approx
Element DClassroom training on road safety1 hour
Element EPractical riding on the roadsMinimum 2 hours

All of the elements need to be taught in turn, as it’s important to master one skill before the next. When you have successfully learnt all the required skills you will be issued with the DL196 (pass certificate).

Questions and answers:

What licence do I need to join course?

You just need a UK “full car” or a “provisional” licence.  You will need to bring the original undamaged copy of your photo card.
If you have the old style (just paper) licence then you will only need this (but later will need to present a valid UK passport as well if going on for full test). Do remember that all UK drivers and riders now need to get a photocard style licence if they change address, change a name or if the paper licence is destroyed or so badly worn it could not be understood or read properly.

You do not need to have taken your Motorcycle Theory Test to begin your CBT.

You can see additional information on licenses on our tests and law page.

If you passed your car driving test on or after 1 February 2001, you can ride a moped, but only if you complete a CBT course to confirm your full moped rights. You only need to do this once instead of repeating every two years – but keep the CBT certificate safe as it will be your only proof. Remember this only allows you to ride a 50cc moped – nothing larger.

If you passed your car driving test before 1 February 2001 you don’t need to complete a CBT course to ride a moped. However, we and the Driving and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) recommends that you do.

How long is a CBT course?

The CBT course should last for at least 5 to 8 hours. There is a set routine that is regulated by the DVSA. You will be taught elements in turn and when you are safe to go onto the next element then you progress through all the five stages.

Most people get through in one day but sometimes a customer may need to come back another day to carry on training depending on how well they get on. The CBT course is completely safety orientated so if you can’t complete all the stages on the day, then rest and a return, later on, is the best and safest way to progress. This is also a requirement of the DVSA.

I have never ridden before – is this course OK for me?

Yes – the CBT course is suitable for complete novice riders, however you should have read and understood the Highway Code, as when you sign your licence you are stating that you have learnt this.

I don’t have a bike or any gear, can I still attend?

Yes – We have new loan bikes and mopeds, plus helmets, gloves, jackets and waterproof trousers, catering for small to extra large.

What age do I have to be? / What can I ride when I have passed?
Ride a 50cc moped (geared or automatic)If you’re over Age 16
Ride a 125cc learner bike (geared or automatic)If you’re over Age 17
How long is my CBT certificate valid for?

The certificate is valid for two years, during which time you will need to pass your full test. If you don’t pass during that time you’ll have to retake the CBT (The expiry date will be written on the certificate).

Can I fail the CBT?

There is no set pass-fail mark for the CBT. You need to learn skills and demonstrate that you are competent and above all safe before moving onto the next one.

You won’t pass for just turning up, so the input needed from you is to listen, learn and then show that you can do it. If you do need more help then consider it a blessing as no one wants to go onto Britain’s busy roads with gaps in their ability.

At what times and days do CamRider provide training?

We can provide CBT and full test training sessions seven days a week- we schedule up courses depending on demand and the availability of the site and instructors – just look online or call us as we may be able to schedule a date that fits exactly with you.

Will I be in a big group or with people of different ages or ability from myself?

We only train in small class sizes and you will thoroughly enjoy your course as we respond to your needs. There is a mix of people on the course, we know how to get the best out of you and make the day fit properly. Max class size in the classroom and off-road is 4 pupils to one instructor, and on-road never more than 2 pupils to one instructor. 

Can I attend late on my training sessions?

Unfortunately, no – sessions need to start as timetabled as there may be another person on the course and we have to comply with DVSA regulations. The law states that we must complete the CBT course in full and to the requirements set by the government departments who regulate us.